Cataract Awareness Month FAQ’s

Frequently Asked Questions :

It is Cataract Awareness Month. On this occasion, we have compiled some FAQs asked by people about cataracts and their answers from experts. With these FAQs, we strive to provide vital insights about cataract – one of the main eye conditions that can lead to blindness.

Do you have any other questions for which you may need answers from the experts? We are available to take them up directly. You can contact us with your queries.

Question 1 – What is cataract?

Cataract can affect the human eyes. It refers to a gradual clouding of the lens of the eye. Due to this condition, the person’s ability to see things clearly gets reduced, and results in blurry vision.

What is cataract

Question 2 – Who is more at risk of getting cataract?

A majority of the cases of cataract pertain to one key factor – advancing age in people. As people get older, they increase the likelihood of getting cataract. Over the years, we have seen many other factors that can drastically increase the chances of a person getting this condition. These include the use of steroids, liquor, and cigarettes. Also, diseases like diabetes can increase the chances of this condition. Plus, lifestyle problems like unhealthy weight and exposure to sunlight can increase your chances of getting cataract.

Question 3 – What are the symptoms of cataract?

People find that their vision keeps getting cloudy over a long period of time. It doesn’t happen quickly. Patients suffer a gradual increase in the amount of cloudiness that affects their eyes. Some of the common symptoms of the eye condition include the below:

  • Cloudy or blurry vision
  • Double vision or multiple images upon seeing an object
  • Reduced or no night vision
  • Patients may complain of a brownish tint when they view objects
  • Patients may complain of harsh light from sources like sunlight or street lamp
  • They may see a ring-like vision around lights

Ophthalmology experts recommend getting your eyes checked immediately if you witness one or more of the above symptoms. Always remember, early detection is the key to successful cataract treatment.

Question 4 – What is Secondary Cataract?

Cataracts may develop due to many reasons. Sometimes patients may get this condition due to another problem with their eyesight. This condition is known as secondary cataract. Typically, such cases appear in patients who have recently undergone surgery for eye conditions like glaucoma, or in people with diabetes.

Question 5 – What is Traumatic Cataract?

This type of cataract problem generally develops after many years of suffering an eye trauma like a wound to the eye.

Questions 6 – What is Congenital Cataract?

This type of cataract develops in small babies. Either newborns or those in their childhood may be at a higher risk of developing Congenital Cataract. Many such cases affect the patient’s vision, and requires surgery to avoid visual loss. This vision can be rehabilitated as a result.

Question 7 – What is a Radiation Cataract?

Some patients may be exposed to radiation. A radiation cataract may develop after the person has been exposed.

Question 8 – What is the treatment for Cataract?

Patients need to know that cataract can be treated. Ophthalmic Surgeons can remove cataracts. But they will provide the correct treatment regimen based on the type, severity, and overall individual’s health. If you are suffering from the early onset of cataract, you can improve it with eyeglasses, anti-glare sunglasses, or magnifying lenses. If you do not see an improvement in the symptoms, then it is wise to consult with an ophthalmologist. They will suggest the best type of action (including corrective surgery) to ensure a better quality of vision and treatment of cataracts.

Ophthalmologists usually recommend inserting an artificial lens to replace the cloudy lens affected by cataract.

You can go for options like Toric IOLs, Multifocal IOLs, or Monovision Technique. It is necessary to get in touch with an ophthalmology expert to get the right type of treatment for your specific case of cataract.

Question 9 – Are you the ideal candidate for cataract removal surgery?

You may not need surgery until and unless the condition starts interfering with your normal life and routines. So, if you face difficulty when driving, reading, or watching television, you can go for cataract removal surgery. Make sure to get an expert opinion from a leading ophthalmologist.

Some patients may need other types of eye conditions like diabetic retinopathy. In such cases too, an ophthalmology expert will recommend going for a cataract removal procedure.

It is generally seen that postponing cataract surgery can make the procedure more complicated. You need to get an eye care specialist to suggest the best course of action about cataract removal.

Question 10 – What are intraocular lenses (IOLs)?

Ophthalmologists may recommend IOLs or intraocular lenses. Many recommend this as a premium cataract treatment. The procedure involves the removal of the affected lenses and replacing it with artificial lenses. The 3 main types of IOLs are as below –

What are intraocular lenses (IOLs)

1 – Monofocal Intraocular lenses (IOLs) : These IOLs get inserted inside the eye. It seeks to substitute the natural lens, which will be removed to get rid of cataract. 

Monofocal Intraocular lenses (IOLs)

2 – Toric Multifocal IOLs : These types of IOLs serve a key purpose- to correct astigmatism and nearsightedness as well as farsightedness.

Toric Multifocal IOLs

3 – Multifocal IOLs : They are also known as presbyopia-correcting IOLs. The patient can get rid of reading glasses or computer glasses after this type of IOL insertion.

We hope that this information has helped to shed some light on this very common eye condition. For more advice and further guidance and consultation, please do not hesitate to contact Dr Sohaib Mustafa.